friendship

Although friendship is a common term in modern cultures it has not been studied much by social scientists. The word is loosely applied in Anglophone society, although there seems to be general agreement that it has a deeper meaning in Europe than in North America. Arguably, in non-Western cultures, it has a more explicit meaning and is used as the basis of structured social relationships. In all contexts, friendship is not a kin term, but it does imply some type of reciprocity and obligation between otherwise unrelated individuals, although this varies according to situation and context. Friendships can range from the relatively casual, depending on shared activity or setting (such as a sports club), to deep and enduring relationships of mutual support.
The systematic study of friendship has two main strands. The first is the social-psychological study of the ways in which children develop friendships, and the correlation of types of friendship with chronological age in childhood. Studies of friendship among adults concentrate on patterns of sociability and tend to focus on class differences. Graham Allan (Friendship: Developing a Sociological Perspective, 1989) claims that working-class friendship choices are dominated by kin links, although neighbours and workmates also feature. The middle classes, on the other hand, have a greater fascination with personal relations and a wider, more conscious choice of friends.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Friendship — (engl. für Freundschaft) ist der Name einiger Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Friendship (Arkansas) Friendship (Indiana) Friendship (Maine) Friendship (Maryland) Friendship (New York) Friendship (North Carolina) Friendship (Ohio) Friendship… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRIENDSHIP — FRIENDSHIP, a relationship between people arising from mutual respect and affection. The ideal of friendship in the Western world is largely derived from classical Greece. Not only do the myths and legends point to friendship as one of the great… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Friendship — Friendship, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 206 Housing Units (2000): 83 Land area (2000): 0.734614 sq. miles (1.902642 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.734614 sq. miles (1.902642 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Friendship — Friend ship, n. [AS. fre[ o]ndscipe. See {Friend}, and { ship}.] 1. The state of being friends; friendly relation, or attachment, to a person, or between persons; affection arising from mutual esteem and good will; friendliness; amity; good will …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • friendship — friendship, amity, comity, goodwill are comparable when they denote the relation (or, in the first three instances, the alliance) existing between persons, communities, states, or peoples that are in accord and in sympathy with each other.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Friendship! — Données clés Titre original Friendship! Réalisation Markus Goller Scénario Olivia Retzer Acteurs principaux Matthias Schweighöfer Friedrich Mücke Alicja Bachleda Curus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Friendship — es una localidad de Surinam. Frienship se encuentra en el distrito administrativo de Coronie. La ciudad se encuentra al nivel del mar sobre la costa del Océano Atlántico, al oeste de Paramaribo la capital de Surinam.[1] Friendship se encuentra a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Friendship, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 206 Housing Units (2000): 83 Land area (2000): 0.734614 sq. miles (1.902642 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.734614 sq. miles (1.902642 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Friendship, NY — U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 1176 Housing Units (2000): 535 Land area (2000): 2.751688 sq. miles (7.126838 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.751688 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Friendship, TN — U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 608 Housing Units (2000): 264 Land area (2000): 1.303705 sq. miles (3.376581 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.303705 sq. miles (3.376581 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Friendship, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 698 Housing Units (2000): 294 Land area (2000): 0.886474 sq. miles (2.295958 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033735 sq. miles (0.087373 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.920209 sq. miles (2.383331 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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